In a world
where textile production and fabric weaving is
increasingly automated, hand woven and hand-knotted
carpets and rugs are masterpieces which are pricey.
Rugandcarpetpedia.com provides a lot of important
information on new research studies conducted on
microorganisms affecting the quantity and quality of
carpets and rugs. It would also provide an insight in
new loom for Indian
carpet weavers, carpet culture
related with people, and those interesting
carpet museums in the world.
Carpet cleaning is considered to be an important task
pertaining to protection of health when factors like
activity management, design and ventilation of all
indoor pollutants like gases, particles, and biopollutants at sanitary levels, and source control. It
is done by various energy efficient carpet cleaning
methods which would do maximum extraction and minimum
traces of unwanted matter.
Latest studies have concluded that many commercial and
residential carpets and rugs are perceived as home to
illness, asthma, and allergies. It is been thought to
promote as a habitat of microorganisms in the indoor
MICROORGANISMS IN CARPETS
Present Research Studies on
effectiveness of Treatment Solutions
Very little is found research on current status of
micro-organisms in carpets. Most of the studies were
carried out on rooms with carpets and without carpets.
It was done in order to compare between the density
levels of microorganisms within two categories made.
Earlier, carpet and rugs were hand woven with natural
fibers or a blend of them to provide strength. Nowadays,
modern technology has facilitated more options as carpet
fibers for yarns. Commercial carpets today are seen
woven with fibers like nylon, polypropylene, polyester
and SBR. An advantage of such manmade fibers is that
they do not support any growth of microorganisms in
carpets. In addition, they repel moisture and
contradictory to natural ones.
Natural fibers such as
wool and silk, are
susceptible to microorganism attack. Jute, relatively
resistant to microorganism, deteriorates fast when
moisture laden. It acts as a food source for them.
Presence of pests and microorganisms in carpets could be
a sign of them feeding on the natural fibers. However,
of the carpets are made with synthetic threads then it
is a sign that either the carpet is providing a pathway
to the food source or there is a spill on it. Overall,
there is a very little possibility of presence of such
Another study established the effectiveness of the
treated carpets with the help of a field study. Two
specimens but single type of carpets was installed in
two classrooms in an elementary school in North Florida.
The commercial carpets consisted one of them to be
treated and the other untreated. Both of them had the
pile yarn made of nylon. And the antimicrobial finishing
was selected to have antimicrobial activity on fungi,
not bacteria. The conditions to which both the carpets
were introduced were chosen to be of high temperature
and high humidity.
After a set period of exposure and experimentation, it
was seen that the treated carpets had fewer fungal
growth than untreated carpet samples. Therefore, it is
established that antimicrobial treated carpets are
resistant to fungal species growth.
Such studies like this also facilitated development of
such antimicrobial solutions or formula for use in
carpet industry too. Such formulas were favored for
effective fungal and bacterial resistance initially and
post cleaning. Recorded and compared figures showed that
chemically treated carpet, when compared with untreated
carpet, showed approximately an 80% reduction in the
growth rate of microorganisms like bacteria S. aureus
and E. coli. The reduction of fungi levels was recorded
ranged from 12% to 40% after 10 shampoo cleanings at 6,
12, and 24 hour contact times.
The procedure consisted of 10
shampoo cleanings at 6, 12
and 24 hour contact times. Such impressive working has
initiated a U.S. patent for this chemical applied for
through the University of Georgia Research Foundation.
Environmental Design Factor
Carpet weaving Loom Structure
Weaving loom structure
improvised by Studies Conducted
looms all over the world, especially in India has been
in the form of wood, which are susceptible to termite
attacks and low service life. It required a strong
manual pull through a rope by 2-3 persons. To change
such a tiring procedure of weaving textiles and carpets,
an improved form of a loom was constructed.
The improvised form was developed at IIT Delhi, 2001,
which facilitated weaving easy. However, the cost of the
loom is more. This very design is designed as such to be
light weight and at reduced cost. It is being verified
using the Finite Element Analysis software, ANSIS.
The department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Delhi’s
Himanshu Chaudhary and Subir Kumar Saha’s efforts has
been accepted widely. In spite of extensive weaving of
carpets done by automated means,
handmade carpets always
demand high prices. This is due to the no presence of
better kind of the carpets and rugs than carpet made by
It is being found that
carpet weaving is quite different
than textile weaving, in general. In addition, Indian or
Oriental carpets woven on wooden looms become
economically, environmentally, and functionally
non-viable due to the following reasons:
• Limited carpet life (5-8 years) due to exposure to
termites and high investing maintenance.
• Arduous manual tensioning, as high tension in warps as
per rope arrangement, and
• With time wooden beams gradually bend which create
non-uniform tension in the warps over the time.
Non-uniformity changes caliber of the carpet.
India’s major carpet manufacturing locations such as
Bhadohi, Mirzapur, Jaipur, Srinagar etc, has been the
places for testing of the new loom type. The carpet loom
has been designed by considering all aspects of weaving
a carpet. The
new carpet loom is a metallic frame
attached with a worm and worm wheel to develop tension
in the wheel.
Culture and People
Popular carpet types with
all cultures of people
There are a lot of things and ideas in merging in our
head while considering buying a new carpet. Moreover,
there are different options to go for. Fascinatingly,
carpets come in different shades and hues, styles and
patterns, and designs and motifs etc. In addition, there
are many kinds of quality carpets to be bought as well.
Nevertheless, modern day carpets look forward towards
two most popular
carpet types named loop pile and cut
pile carpet. To recall, loop pile carpets sport a carpet
pile with looped threads. It has threads pulled through
the backing, twice creating a small loop. The specimens
for this fashion are Berber carpet, cable or sisal.
Cut Pile carpets are woven with the same technique as
loop pile on. But after the weaving is done, loops are
clipped. The loop cut at the top makes the strands stand
all individually. Cut pile is seen in many in vogue
styles such as shag carpets, textured carpets, Saxony,
According to a premier portal for information about old
rug and carpets, Rugrag.com, one of the most
carpets in the world is The Pearl Carpet of Baroda. It
was sold at a World Record $5,458,500.00 USD. It
exceeded the previous record set by one million dollars
for a Safavid rug in a 2008 Christies sale of the Doris
Sotheby’s much prized possession was a pearl studded
carpet which was auctioned in 2009. Believably, a gift
for Prophet Mohammad’s Tomb in Medina, from the King of
Baroda, it was estimated to be around 1.4 million +
Basra pearls attached to its surface. It also consisted
of gemstones like hundreds of rubies, diamonds,
sapphires, and gold.
It was woven in year 1865 and was priced at Rs.
6,000,000 or $ 120,000. According to the Sunday Tribune,
the Carpet’s measurement is approximately 5'8" x 8'8".
An actual gift with a true Maharaja style!
Another example of once in a lifetime, crème of the
crop, carpet specimen is the Persian Carpet called "The
Spring of Khosrow" from 6th century AD. Featuring
similar exquisite gemstones, it was roughly larger than
the Baroda carpet, it was looted during the Arab
Invasion and cut into pieces by the soldiers.
Talking about the movie industry which has never been
away from the glamour quotient, especially flicks
portraying affluence and grandeur. The Movie "The
Queen", 2006 Academy Award Winning for Best Actress
featured an exemplary looking newer looking ,
perhaps, traditional Persian Mahal Design or Indian
Amritsar design carpet. It is believed to be a Jaipur
Jaipur rugs come with a soft yet timeless touch of
comfort with quality. Colors displayed are from either
bold or heavy contrast or antique and earthy. Moreover,
they cost a fairly expensive price. Mostly hand-woven,
there was a Jaipur carpet featured in the movie too.
A large rug and stair rugs can come with intricate
designs with Persian motifs, on demand. With more
exemplary design or motif, it becomes quite uncommon yet
intriguing to face such a beauty.
Rugs and Carpet Museums
The famous collections to
awe-inspire along with educate about carpets and rugs
Museums have been sometimes boring but
not carpet and rugs museums. Carpet museums with a
seemingly endless collection of world famous rugs and
carpets all over the world, simply create a sense of
charisma. Charming and luxurious ones representing all
cultures keep them alive in the contemporary carpet
world. Below is the list of the various famous carpet
and rug museums in the world.
• The Carpet Museum of Iran
• Istanbul Turkish and Islamic Arts Museum, Turkey
• Isparta Museum, Turkey
• Museum of Fine Arts , United States
• The Fogg Art Museum, United States
• The British Museum, United Kingdom
• Victoria and Albert Museum, United Kingdom
• Museum Fur Islamische Kunst, Germany
• Rassam Arabzadeh Carpet Museum, Iran